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题文
Eight in 10 Americans eat fast food at least once a month and half eat it every week according, to a Gallup Poll. Yet most people who eat fast food know it’s bad for them. So why do they keep eating it?
The answer is simple: the benefits of eating fast food outweigh the long-term implications for most people. However, once you read these reasons why all those trips to the drive through may be slowly killing you, you may just want to stop eating fast food after all.
1. Fast food makes you fat.
A 15-year study of over 3,000 people found that eating fast food is linked to weight gain and insulin resistance. In others words, fast food makes you fat and increases your risk of type 2 diabetes. You probably know this already. But here’s something you may not know.
2. Fast food is addictive.
The more you eat fast food, the more you crave it. One study found that fast food is “a potentially addictive substance that is most likely to create dependence in vulnerable populations.” If you eat fast food once a week or more, you may be addicted to it.
3. Fast food is affecting your kids.
According to the CDC, childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents in the past 30 years. Kids have an amazing ability to recall ads they’ve seen. Fast food marketers know this, and design ads accordingly. Research shows strong associations between increases in advertising for non-nutritious foods and rates of childhood obesity.
4. Fast food “burgers” don’t have much burger in them.
One study found that most fast food burgers are composed of about 50 percent water and the actual meat content is only 2.1 to 14.8 percent. So what makes up the rest of it, you ask? Chemical fillers and preservatives, mostly. That’s why we see read horror stories about burgers that don’t go bad.
5. Even “healthy” fast food isn’t that healthy.
Fast food restaurants are catering to consumer demands to produce healthier options. The problem is, their definition of “healthy” is quite lax. One of the healthiest dishes at Burger King, the Garden Fresh Salad Chicken Caesar with TENDERGRILL Chicken and dressing, still has almost 500 calories and 28 grams of fat, and nearly a day’s worth of sodium.
6. Fast food is inhumane to animals.
Okay, this one may not be a reason why fast is killing you, but it’s still a compelling reason to stop eating fast food. 9 billion animals were slaughtered in the US alone in 2012 and much of that meat is for your fast food burgers and chicken sandwiches. Large factory farms resemble more of a “business” than a “farm.” Animals suffer in crowded spaces where they rarely have access to the outdoors or sunlight. They are pumped full of antibiotics to combat disease, which runs rampant in these conditions. Livestock is one of the biggest sources of pollution and environmental negligence, according to the UN.
7. Fast food sodas are loaded with sugar.
High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is the cheap sweetener most fast food restaurants use in their sodas, desserts, and many other products. Princeton University researchers linked HFCS consumption to obesity in an animal study. Rats given HFCS gained more weight and body fat than those given table sugar.
小题1:How many factors are mentioned which can account for the reason why fast food is slowly killing you?
A.Seven.B.Three.C.Four.D.Five.
小题2:According to the text, we know that_____.
A.many people keep eating fast food because they know nothing about the harm which fast food will bring them
B.fast food plays a key role in children’s growth
C.eating fast food is connected to weight gain and insulin resistance.
D.many fast food restaurants are can offer a good and healthy meal to consumer
小题3:What is the purpose of the passage?
A.To help us make right decisionsB.To advise us to stop eating fast food
C.To tell us how to keep fitD.To encourage us to be humane to animals
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详
答案

小题1:A
小题2:C
小题3:B

试题分析:文章介绍了为什么快餐正在慢慢地夺去人们的生命以及建议大家不要经常吃快餐。
小题1:细节题:根据文章可以看出文章从七个方面阐述快餐正在慢慢地夺去人们的生命的原因。故选A。
小题2:细节题: 根据A 15-year study of over 3,000 people found that eating fast food is linked to weight gain and insulin resistance.可知选项C的表述正确。故选C。
小题3:推理题:根据主题句However, once you read these reasons why all those trips to the drive through may be slowly killing you, you may just want to stop eating fast food after all.
可知写这篇文章主要的目的是建议我们停止吃快餐。故选B。
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健康环保类阅读
考点名称:健康环保类阅读
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  • 健康环保类文章阅读技巧:

           健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。阅读此类短文要以现象或事物为中心进行思考,理解现象产生的原因、条件和客观规律等。同时要抓住事物的特征、用途和相互关系等。科普环保类文章一般为说明文,从结构上看大致可分为三个部分:
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           从近几年的考试题来看,科普环保类的文章越来越与人们的实际生活相接近。由于此类文章缺乏故事情节,很多同学对此类文章感到费解。但一般的科普类文章都是就事论事,需要逻辑推理和想象的时候较少,因此此类阅读题也没有同学们想象中的那么难,只要多加训练,就能较好地答题。
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