当前位置:魔方格英语健康环保类..>It seems like every day there's some new research about whe..
题文
It seems like every day there's some new research about whether our favorite drinks are good for us.  One day,  science says a glass of red wine a day will help us live longer. The next day, maybe not.  It seems journalists are pretty interested in wine research and the same might be said for coffee.  Now there's been a lot of research into whether coffee's good for our health "the results have really been mixed",admits Neal Freedman who led the coffee study and published his findings in a medical journal recently.   "There's been some evidence that coffee might increase the risk of certain diseases and there's also  been  maybe  more recent evidence that coffee  may protect against other diseases as well".
Freedman and his colleagues undertook the biggest study yet to look at the relationship between coffee and health.  They analyzed data collected from  more than  400,000 Americans ages 50 to 70 participating in the study.  "We found that the coffee drinkers had a modestly lower risk of death than the non-drinkers, he said.  Here's what he means by "modestly": those who drank at least two or three cups a day were about 10 percent or 15 percent less likely to die for any reason during the 13 years of the study when the researchers looked at specific causes of death, coffee drinking appeared to cut the  risk  of  dying from  heart  disease, lung  disease injuries,  accidents  and infections.
Now, Freedman stressed that the study doesn't prove coffee can make people live longer .A study like this can never prove a cause-and-effect relationship.  All it can really do is to point researchers in the right direction for further investigation. And even if it turns out that coffee is really good for you, scientists have no idea why.
小题1:According to the first paragraph,reporters  would like to  know  the research findings of_______.
A. teaB. beerC. coffeeD. wine
小题2:According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. Freedman and his colleagues hired 400,000 Americans to collect date.
B. People who took part in Freedman's research are about 50 to 70 years old.
C. About 400, 000 Americans worked for Freedman's team for 13 years.
D. People who are 50 to 70 years old seldom drink wffee.
小题3:According to the author, scientists________.
A. have already proved that coffee is good for human health
B. have a long way to go before they find a way to study coffee
C. have avoided the cause-and-effect approach to study coffee
D. are still unable to figure out why coffee is good for us
小题4:Which of the following can be the best title?
A. The Magical Effects of Coffee
B. Neal Freedman and His Research
C. Can Coffee Help You Live Longer?
D. A Cup of Coffee A Day Makes Diseases Away
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详
答案

小题1:C
小题2:B
小题3:D
小题4:C

试题分析:这篇文章讲述了Freedman通过研究发现喝咖啡的人似乎比不喝咖啡的人长寿,但Freedman又指出喝咖啡和长寿之间并不存在直接的因果关系,现在科学家不能说明为什么咖啡对人类健康有益。
小题1:根据It seems journalists are pretty interested in wine research and the same might be said for coffee.故选C。
小题2:根据They analyzed data collected from  more than  400,000 Americans ages 50 to 70 participating in the study.。故选B。
小题3:根据And even if it turns out that coffee is really good for you, scientists have no idea why,所以答案为D。
小题4:根据全文内容以及Now, Freedman stressed that the study doesn't prove coffee can make people live longer ,因此选C。
点评:要想答好题目,重在理解全文意思。这篇文章比较难,先看问题,再带着问题读短文,找出各段落的主旨句,理解全文内容,总结全文中心,然后再回到问题上来,很容易选出正确答案。
据魔方格专家权威分析,试题“It seems like every day there's some new research about whe..”主要考查你对  健康环保类阅读  等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下:
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健康环保类阅读
考点名称:健康环保类阅读
  • 健康环保累阅读概念:

    健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。体裁有记叙文、 说明文、议论文和各种应用文。

  • 健康环保类文章阅读技巧:

           健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。阅读此类短文要以现象或事物为中心进行思考,理解现象产生的原因、条件和客观规律等。同时要抓住事物的特征、用途和相互关系等。科普环保类文章一般为说明文,从结构上看大致可分为三个部分:
           第一部分一般是文章的首段,主要用来提出文章的主题,即文章想要阐述、说明的主要内容;
           第二部分是文章的主体,可由若干个段落组成,对文章的主题进行展开说明;
           第三部分是结尾段,对文章的主题进行归纳总结。这类文章多用一般现在时,而且一般多使用客观性词语表述。有时为了强调客观性,也常使用被动语态。
           从近几年的考试题来看,科普环保类的文章越来越与人们的实际生活相接近。由于此类文章缺乏故事情节,很多同学对此类文章感到费解。但一般的科普类文章都是就事论事,需要逻辑推理和想象的时候较少,因此此类阅读题也没有同学们想象中的那么难,只要多加训练,就能较好地答题。
    【阅读策略】
    1、概要(Summarizing):
          阅完材料后,将所阅材料浓缩,摘要,做出所阅材料的书面或口头梗概。
    2、组织(Organization):
          阅读后根据阅读内容,识别观点、人物、事件之间的关系以及文章的结构关系。如:时间关系、比较或对比关系、相关关系及因果关系等。

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