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题文
阅读理解。
     A simple piece of clothesline hangs between some environmentally friendly Americans and their neighbors.
     On one side stand those who see clothes dryers (干衣机) as a waste of energy and a major polluter of the
environment. As a result, they are turning to clotheslines as part of the "what-I-can do environmentalism (环境
保护主义)."
     On the other side are people who are against drying clothes outside, arguing that clotheslines are unpleasant
to look at. They have persuaded Homeowners Associations (HOAs) access the U.S. to ban outdoor clotheslines,
because clothesline drying also tends to lower home value in the neighborhood. This had led to a Right-to-Dry
Movement that is calling for laws to be passed to protect people's right to use clotheslines.
     So far, only three states have laws to protect clothesline. Right-to-Dry supporters argue that there should
be move.
     Matt Reck, 37, is the kind of eco-conscious (有生态意识的) person who feeds his trees with bathwater
and reuses water drops from his air conditioners to water plants. His family also uses a clothesline. But on July
9, 2007, the HOA in Wake Forest, North Carolina, told him that a dissatisfied neighlzir had telephoned them
about him clothesline. The Recks paid no attention to the warming and still dried their clothes on a line in the
yard. "Many people e say they are environmentally friendly but they don't take matters in their own hands,"
says Reck. The local HOA has decided not to take any action, unless more neighbors come to them.
     North Carolina lawmakers are saying that banning clotheslines is not the right thing to do. But HOAs and
housing businesses believe that clothesline drying reminds people of poor neighborhoods. They worry that if
buyers think their future neighbors can't even afford dryers, housing prices will fall.
     Environmentalists say such worries are not necessary, and in view of global warming, that idea needs to
change. As they say, "The clothesline is beautiful. Hanging clothes outside should be encouraged. We all have
to do at least something to slow down the process of global warming."
1. One of the reasons why supporters of clothes dryers are trying to ham clothesline drying is that _____.
A. clothes dryers are more efficient
B. clothesline drying reduces home value
C. clothes dryers are energy-saving
D. clothesline drying is not allowed in most U.S. states
2. Which of the following best describes Matt Reck?
A. He is a kind-hearted man.
B. He is an impolite man.
C. He is and experienced gardener.
D. He is a man of social responsibility.
3. Which of the following best describes Matt Reck?
A. He is a kind-hearted man.
B. He is an impolite man.
C. He is and experienced gardener.
D. He is a man of social responsibility.
4. What is mainly discussed in the text?
A. Clothesline drying: a way to save energy and money.
B. Clothesline drying: a lost art rediscovered.
C. Opposite opinions on clothesline drying.
D. Different varieties of clotheslines.
题型:阅读理解难度:偏难来源:浙江省高考真题
答案
1-4: BDBC
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健康环保类阅读
考点名称:健康环保类阅读
  • 健康环保累阅读概念:

    健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。体裁有记叙文、 说明文、议论文和各种应用文。

  • 健康环保类文章阅读技巧:

           健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。阅读此类短文要以现象或事物为中心进行思考,理解现象产生的原因、条件和客观规律等。同时要抓住事物的特征、用途和相互关系等。科普环保类文章一般为说明文,从结构上看大致可分为三个部分:
           第一部分一般是文章的首段,主要用来提出文章的主题,即文章想要阐述、说明的主要内容;
           第二部分是文章的主体,可由若干个段落组成,对文章的主题进行展开说明;
           第三部分是结尾段,对文章的主题进行归纳总结。这类文章多用一般现在时,而且一般多使用客观性词语表述。有时为了强调客观性,也常使用被动语态。
           从近几年的考试题来看,科普环保类的文章越来越与人们的实际生活相接近。由于此类文章缺乏故事情节,很多同学对此类文章感到费解。但一般的科普类文章都是就事论事,需要逻辑推理和想象的时候较少,因此此类阅读题也没有同学们想象中的那么难,只要多加训练,就能较好地答题。
    【阅读策略】
    1、概要(Summarizing):
          阅完材料后,将所阅材料浓缩,摘要,做出所阅材料的书面或口头梗概。
    2、组织(Organization):
          阅读后根据阅读内容,识别观点、人物、事件之间的关系以及文章的结构关系。如:时间关系、比较或对比关系、相关关系及因果关系等。

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