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题文
阅读理解。
     What's black and orange and growing for the first time in decades? India's tiger population! On Monday,
officials announced the results of the latest tiger count. The census (统计) totaled 1,706 tigers in forests
across the Asian country-about 300 more than four years ago. "These numbers give us hope for the future
of tigers in the world," said Jim Leape, international director of the World Wildlife Fund.
     A century ago, about 100,000 tigers lived in India's forests. But by 2002, a count showed that there were
only 3,600 left. The number dropped to 1,411 in 2007. What caused India's tiger population to shrink so
dramatically?
     More than anything else, experts say, development has taken a toll. People have moved into tiger territory
and destroyed much of the animal's habitat. Today, tigers live on a just small part of the land they occupied
100 years ago.
     Illegal hunting has also contributed to the decline. Poachers (盗猎者) can demand high fees for tiger parts,
which are a key ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine. The parts from one tiger can sell for tens of
thousands of dollars.
     India's news is a step in the right direction. But while the number of tigers has increased there in the last
four years, the animals' habitat has shrunk. Roads and construction projects have blocked off many tiger
corridors-routes used by the big cats to go from one forest to another. "Securing these corridors should be
taken up as a priority," says Rajesh Gopal, of the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
     Last November, leaders from the 13 countries that are home to wild tigers met in St. Petersburg, Russia,
to develop a plan to help the endangered cats. They set a goal to double the world's tiger population by the
year 2022. Will we reach that goal? With India's tiger population on the rise and conservationists around the
world focused on helping the big cats, it seems it just might happen.
1. The underlined word "shrink" in Paragraph 2 most probably means _____.
A. develop
B. reduce
C. disappear
D. remove
2. Which is one of the reasons why India's tiger population declines?
A. Some living areas of India's tigers are destroyed by humans.
B. Roads and construction projects have bridged tiger corridors.
C. Some India's tigers have been hunted for to attract visitors.
D. Too many tigers are used in making traditional Chinese medicine.
3. It can be inferred from the passage that _____.
A. 1,411 India's tigers were killed between 2002 and 2007
B. Rajesh Gopal is in charge of the World Wildlife Fund
C. the world's tiger population will surely be doubled by 2022
D. international efforts are being made to protect India's tigers
4. What is the author's attitude towards the future of India's tigers?
A. Critical
B. Objective
C. Optimistic
D. Concerned
题型:阅读理解难度:偏难来源:河南省模拟题
答案
1-4: BADC
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健康环保类阅读
考点名称:健康环保类阅读
  • 健康环保累阅读概念:

    健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。体裁有记叙文、 说明文、议论文和各种应用文。

  • 健康环保类文章阅读技巧:

           健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。阅读此类短文要以现象或事物为中心进行思考,理解现象产生的原因、条件和客观规律等。同时要抓住事物的特征、用途和相互关系等。科普环保类文章一般为说明文,从结构上看大致可分为三个部分:
           第一部分一般是文章的首段,主要用来提出文章的主题,即文章想要阐述、说明的主要内容;
           第二部分是文章的主体,可由若干个段落组成,对文章的主题进行展开说明;
           第三部分是结尾段,对文章的主题进行归纳总结。这类文章多用一般现在时,而且一般多使用客观性词语表述。有时为了强调客观性,也常使用被动语态。
           从近几年的考试题来看,科普环保类的文章越来越与人们的实际生活相接近。由于此类文章缺乏故事情节,很多同学对此类文章感到费解。但一般的科普类文章都是就事论事,需要逻辑推理和想象的时候较少,因此此类阅读题也没有同学们想象中的那么难,只要多加训练,就能较好地答题。
    【阅读策略】
    1、概要(Summarizing):
          阅完材料后,将所阅材料浓缩,摘要,做出所阅材料的书面或口头梗概。
    2、组织(Organization):
          阅读后根据阅读内容,识别观点、人物、事件之间的关系以及文章的结构关系。如:时间关系、比较或对比关系、相关关系及因果关系等。

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