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题文
根据首字母或汉语提示,写出完整的单词拼写。
1. The doctor himself a______ all of the special patients last night.
2. The c______ of the building will take at least one year.
3. What do you think of the final c______ they came to from the experiments?
4. With little effort I could have ______ (安排) my duties better.
5. It was at your______ (建议) that they set off on that long tour.
6. In this resort you can enjoy all the comfort and c______ of modern tourism.
7. Do you want to go around the s______ areas?
8. The film r______ him of what he had seen in China.
9. John Snow wanted to face the c______ and solve this problem.
10. He found that it came from the river p______ by the dirty water from London.
11. You can c______ this question if you study British history.
12. Only if you put the sun there did the m______ of the other plants in the sky make sense.
题型:填空题难度:中档来源:0119 期中题
答案
1. attended   2. construction   3. conclusion   4. arranged   5. suggestion   6. convenience
7. surrounding   8. reminded   9. challenge   10. polluted   11. clarify   12. movements
据魔方格专家权威分析,试题“根据首字母或汉语提示,写出完整的单词拼写。1. The doctor him..”主要考查你对  动词的过去式单词、词组可数名词及其单复数过去分词  等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下:
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动词的过去式单词、词组可数名词及其单复数过去分词
考点名称:动词的过去式
  • 动词过去式的概念:

    用来表示动词过去时的动词形式,规则变化加是动词后加-ed,不规则的要单独记。

  • 动词过去式变化规则及其读音规则:

    一、规则动词的过去式变化如下:
    1、一般情况下,动词词尾加-ed:
    如:work-worked   play-played  wanted-wanted  act-acted
    2、以不发音的-e结尾动词,动词词尾加-d:
    如:live-lived     move-moved  taste-tasted    hope-hoped
    3、以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i再加-ed:
    如:study-studied copy-copied  cry-cried   carry-carried
    4、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加-ed:
    如:stop-stopped
    5、不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。
    如:go-went     make-made     get-got    buy-bought   come-came    fly-flew

    二、不规则动词的过去式的构成:

    1、把动词原形中的i改为a,变成过去式。
    如:begin—began,drink—drank,give—gave,ring—rang,sing—sang,sit—sat,swim—swam
    2、把重读开音节中的i改为o,变成过去式。
    如:drive—drove,ride—rode,write—wrote
    3、改动词原形中的aw/ow为ew,变成过去式。
    如:draw—drew,grow—grew,know—knew,throw—threw(动词show除外,show—showed)
    4、动词原形中的e改为o,变成过去式。
    如:get—got,forget—forgot
    5、动词原形中的ee改为e,变成过去式。
    如:feed—fed,meet—met
    6、动词原形中的eep改为ept,变成过去式。
    如keep—kept,sleep—slept,sweep—swept
    7、动词原形中的eak改为oke,变成过去式。
    如:break—broke,speak—spoke
    8、动词原形中的ell改为old,变成过去式。
    如:sell—sold,tell—told
    9、动词原形中的an改为oo,变成过去式。
    如:stand—stood,understand—understood
    10、以ought和aught结尾,且读音是〔:t〕的过去式。
    如:bring—brought,buy—bought,think—thought,catch—caught,teach—taught
    11、以ould结尾且读音为〔ud〕的情态动词过去式。
    如:can—could,shall—should,will—would
    12、把动词原形中的o改为a,变成过去式。
    如:come—came,become—became
    13、在动词原形后加d或t变成过去式,并且发生音变。
    如:hear〔hi〕—heard〔h:d〕,say〔sei〕—said〔sed〕,mean〔mi:n〕—meant〔ment〕
    14、动词的过去式与动词原形一样。
    如: let—let,must—must,put—put,read—read〔red〕
    15、不符合上述规律的动词过去式。
    如:am,is—was,are—were,build—built,do—did,eat—ate,fall—fell,feel—felt,find—found,fly—flew,
    go—went,have/has—had,hold—held,leave—left,make—made,may—might,run—ran,see—saw,take—took

    三:过去式“-ed”的发音规则:
    (1)动词词尾为“t,d”时,发/id/音。
    如:want→wanted(要)need→needed(需要)
    (2)动词词尾为清辅音时,发/t/音。
    如:help→helped(帮助)laugh→laughed(笑)look→looked(看) kiss→kissed(吻)wash→washed(洗)watch→watched(注视)
    (3)动词词尾为t,d以外之浊辅音或元音时,发/d/音。
    如:call→called(叫)stay→stayed(停留)cry→cried(哭)

  • be动词的过去式:

    在没有实义动词的句子中使用be动词,am,is的过去式为was;are的过去式为were.请看如下句型的构成:
    1、肯定句:主语+was(were)+宾语
    例:I was late yesterday.(昨天我迟到了。)
    2、否定句:主语+was(were)+not+宾语
    例:We weren't late yesterday. (我们昨天没迟到)
    3、疑问句:Was(Were)+主语+宾语
    例:Were you ill yesterday?(你昨天病了吗?)
    4、肯定回答:Yes, I was. (是的,我病了。)
          否定回答:No, I wasn't. (不,我没病。)
    5、特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+was(were)+主语+宾语
    例:When were you born? 你是什么时候出生的?
    【方法窍门】
    be的过去式有四巧:
    一是时间状语巧:表示过去的短语要记牢;
    二是形式巧:单数was,复数were;
    三是否定句结构巧:not紧跟was/were;
    四是疑问句式巧:was/were向前跑(提前)。
    【思路分析】
    『一巧』 时间状语巧。一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,恰巧与表示过去的一些时间状语连用。
    例如:yesterday, last night/week/month/year, last Saturday, the day beforey esterday, in 1998, five years ago等。
    『二巧』 形式巧。它与一般现在时一样,形式多样:当主语是第一人称单数或第三人称单数时,谓语动词用was;主语是第二人称或其他人称复数时,谓语动词用were。
    例如:I was in the classroom yesterday morning. 昨天早上我在教室里。
                He was at school last Tuesday. 上周二他在学校。
                They were over there a moment ago. 刚才他们在那边。
    『三巧』 否定句结构巧。与动词be的一般现在时一样,它在动词后面加not即可变成否定句,并且was, were与not可以缩写成wasn't, weren't。即:主语+wasn’t/weren’t+表语+其他。
    例如:I was not(=wasn't)here yesterday. 昨天我不在这儿。
                My parents were not(=weren't)at home last Sunday. 上周日我父母不在家。
    『四巧』 疑问句式巧。把was, were提到句首,句末用问号即可变为一般疑问句。即:Was(Were)+主语+表语+其他?这恰巧与动词be的一般现在时的疑问句式相似。
    例如:Were you at home the day before yesterday? 前天你在家吗?
                Was she late this morning? 今天早上她迟到了吗?
    更巧的是疑问句的答语也相似,肯定回答用“Yes, 主语+was/were.”;否定回答用“No, 主语+wasn't/weren't.”。
    例如:—Were Wei Hua and Han Mei here just now? —刚才魏华和韩梅在这儿吗?
                —Yes, they were./No, they weren't.是的,在这了。

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