当前位置:魔方格英语健康环保类..>Studies show that laughter is something that makes you feel ..
题文
Studies show that laughter is something that makes you feel calm or relaxed for both physical and psychological wounds though it may seem futile to laugh in the face of pain and fear.
When Dan Rather interviewed comedian Bill Cosby just one week after his son, Ennis, was killed, Cosby said, “I think it is time for me to tell people that we have to laugh. You can turn painful situations around through laughter. If you can find humor in anything, you can survive it.”
Call it a flashlight for dark times: laughter just seems to adjust attitude better than anything else. Inspirational speaker Steve Rizzo recalls a TV interview with an injured firefighter a few days after 9.11.The man had fallen more than 30 stories in one of the towers and had broken a leg. Everyone was crying, and the reporter asked, “How is it that you’ve come out of this alive?” He looked at her and without missing a beat, said, “Look, lady, I’m from New York and I’m a firefighter; that’ all you need to know.”
“Everyone laughed and though the laughter was only a couple of seconds,” says Rizzo. “Sometimes that’s all you need to catch your second breath. Laughter gives you that couple of seconds. You’re sending a message to your brain, and the message is: If you can still laugh even a little among the pain, you are going to be OK.”
Of course, there is a difference between laughing off a serious situation and laughing off the fear that results. The firefighter was doing the latter, states Rizzo, the author of Becoming a Humorous Being, and so should we. “If there is anything we have learnt from 9.11, it’s how precious life really is,” she says. “We have to send a message that our spirit won’t die. One important thing that unites us is our ability to laugh.”  
小题1:The writer uses the examples of the comedian and the firefighter to show             .
A.laughter is a good way to get rid of pain and fear
B.laughter is the best way to cure psychological wounds
C.it is your attitude that decides whether you can survive the pain or not
D.laughing off a serious situation is different from laughing off the fear that results
小题2:We can infer from the passage that Steve Rizzo is             .
A.a reporterB.a soldierC.a firefighterD.a doctor
小题3:The underlined word futile in the first paragraph means          .
A.hopelessB.useless
C.carelessD.worthless
小题4:From the passage, we can know that Americans are                .
A.really inspired after 9.11B.hardly united after 9.11
C.nearly surprised by 9.11D.greatly hurt by 9.11
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详
答案

小题1:A
小题2:A
小题3:B
小题4:D

小题1:逻辑推断题。根据文章第一段Studies show that laughter is something that makes you feel calm or relaxed for both physical and psychological wounds though it may seem futile to laugh in the face of pain and fear.可以看出这是文章的主旨,下面的两个例子都是围绕着这个主旨展开的,所有推断出A选项“笑能够摆脱痛苦和恐惧”最符合题意。所以选A。
小题2:细节推理题。根据文章states Rizzo, the author of Becoming a Humorous Being可以看出Steve Rizzo是一个作者,所有a reporter最符合他的身份。所以选A。
小题3:词汇推测题。从文章第一段though it may seem futile to laugh in the face of pain and fear,再结合上下文可知,笑能够给生理和心理以放松,虽然有时候看起来在面对痛苦和恐惧可能会失去作用。可知道futile解释为useless符合题意。所以选B。
小题4:主旨推测题。根据文章最后段可以推测出美国人受到了9.11的严重的伤害。所以应该选D。
据魔方格专家权威分析,试题“Studies show that laughter is something that makes you feel ..”主要考查你对  健康环保类阅读  等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下:
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健康环保类阅读
考点名称:健康环保类阅读
  • 健康环保累阅读概念:

    健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。体裁有记叙文、 说明文、议论文和各种应用文。

  • 健康环保类文章阅读技巧:

           健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。阅读此类短文要以现象或事物为中心进行思考,理解现象产生的原因、条件和客观规律等。同时要抓住事物的特征、用途和相互关系等。科普环保类文章一般为说明文,从结构上看大致可分为三个部分:
           第一部分一般是文章的首段,主要用来提出文章的主题,即文章想要阐述、说明的主要内容;
           第二部分是文章的主体,可由若干个段落组成,对文章的主题进行展开说明;
           第三部分是结尾段,对文章的主题进行归纳总结。这类文章多用一般现在时,而且一般多使用客观性词语表述。有时为了强调客观性,也常使用被动语态。
           从近几年的考试题来看,科普环保类的文章越来越与人们的实际生活相接近。由于此类文章缺乏故事情节,很多同学对此类文章感到费解。但一般的科普类文章都是就事论事,需要逻辑推理和想象的时候较少,因此此类阅读题也没有同学们想象中的那么难,只要多加训练,就能较好地答题。
    【阅读策略】
    1、概要(Summarizing):
          阅完材料后,将所阅材料浓缩,摘要,做出所阅材料的书面或口头梗概。
    2、组织(Organization):
          阅读后根据阅读内容,识别观点、人物、事件之间的关系以及文章的结构关系。如:时间关系、比较或对比关系、相关关系及因果关系等。

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