当前位置:魔方格英语健康环保类..>Depressed people can be very difficult to be around,and yet..
题文
Depressed people can be very difficult to be around,and yet they need more than the usual amount of support and understanding from their friends and family.
The anger and lack of concern that a depressed person may have for people close to him or her can be very disturbing to someone who's trying to help.At such times,the sincerity of a friend or a family member is questioned when the depressed person doesn't feel worthy of someone's friendship.Withdrawal from others can make it nearly impossible to encourage a depressed person to enter into activities that may help pull him or her out of the depression.
It is frequently difficult for a depressed person to carry on a conversation.Attempts to help may be met with defensiveness and verbal attacks.While being supportive and understanding,the friend of a family member must be careful not to do too many things for the depressed person.There is a very thin line between being supportive and being overly protective.Too much“doing for” can be a disservice(帮倒忙).
You can best help a friend or relative who is depressed by considering the following points:
◆Do not moralize.Don't pressure him or her to “put on a happy face,” or to “snap out of it.” Often the person will feel even worse after hearing such words.
◆When you are alone with your depressed friend,you might say something like,“I've noticed lately that you seem down.I care about you and would like to listen to what you're thinking about.” Then be a good listener.
◆Don't say,“I know exactly how you feel.” You probably don't.But if you've had similar experiences,sharing those may help.Say things like,“This happened to me.It might help you.” Or “I know some of what you must be feeling.”
◆Urge him or her to get professional help if necessary.Offer to accompany your friend on the first visit if it will be easier for the person.
小题1:.The above passage is mainly intended for ________.
A.a doctor who works with a depressed person
B.a depressed person
C.one who lives with a depressed person
D.an expert who gives advice to a depressed person
小题2:Too much “doing for” can ________.
A.cause more severe depression
B.give the depressed person courage
C.result in defensiveness from the depressed person
D.be of no help to the depressed person
小题3:What are you advised to say to a depressed person?
A.Try to look happy and you'll be better.
B.I know exactly how you feel.
C.I had a similar experience.And it might help you.
D.Cheer up and get rid of your depression.
小题4:We can infer from the second paragraph that a depressed person ________.
A.is willing to appreciate the sincerity of a friend or a family member
B.has a sense of pride of his own
C.may do something unreasonable to your friendship
D.is likely to doubt the purpose of a friend or family member
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详
答案

小题1:C
小题2:D
小题3:C
小题4:C

小题1:答案 C [推理判断题。从文章中间You can best help a friend or relative who is depressed by considering the following points可知,只有C项符合逻辑。]
小题2:答案 D [细节理解题。理解文章第三段最后一句可知,为抑郁症病人做太多的事情会帮倒忙。]
you've had similar experiences,sharing those may help。]
小题3:答案 C [推理判断题。综合文章后半部分各处的信息可知,C项符合文章的叙述But if
小题4:答案 C [推理判断题。从文章第二段可知,你关心抑郁症病人时,他们有时候会向你发火,不领情。]
据魔方格专家权威分析,试题“Depressed people can be very difficult to be around,and yet..”主要考查你对  健康环保类阅读  等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下:
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健康环保类阅读
考点名称:健康环保类阅读
  • 健康环保累阅读概念:

    健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。体裁有记叙文、 说明文、议论文和各种应用文。

  • 健康环保类文章阅读技巧:

           健康环保类文章常是介绍科学知识、生活常识和环境保护方面的短文。阅读此类短文要以现象或事物为中心进行思考,理解现象产生的原因、条件和客观规律等。同时要抓住事物的特征、用途和相互关系等。科普环保类文章一般为说明文,从结构上看大致可分为三个部分:
           第一部分一般是文章的首段,主要用来提出文章的主题,即文章想要阐述、说明的主要内容;
           第二部分是文章的主体,可由若干个段落组成,对文章的主题进行展开说明;
           第三部分是结尾段,对文章的主题进行归纳总结。这类文章多用一般现在时,而且一般多使用客观性词语表述。有时为了强调客观性,也常使用被动语态。
           从近几年的考试题来看,科普环保类的文章越来越与人们的实际生活相接近。由于此类文章缺乏故事情节,很多同学对此类文章感到费解。但一般的科普类文章都是就事论事,需要逻辑推理和想象的时候较少,因此此类阅读题也没有同学们想象中的那么难,只要多加训练,就能较好地答题。
    【阅读策略】
    1、概要(Summarizing):
          阅完材料后,将所阅材料浓缩,摘要,做出所阅材料的书面或口头梗概。
    2、组织(Organization):
          阅读后根据阅读内容,识别观点、人物、事件之间的关系以及文章的结构关系。如:时间关系、比较或对比关系、相关关系及因果关系等。

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